The term for turning a boat is called tacking. Tacking is the process of changing the direction of a sailing vessel by shifting its sails from one side to the other. This maneuver allows a boat to sail against the wind, as opposed to running with it.
Tacking is an essential skill for any sailor, as it allows them to navigate in any direction regardless of wind direction. To tack, a sailor must first identify which way the wind is blowing and then turn the boat into it at an angle. As the boat turns, the sails are shifted from one side to the other so that they catch the wind on both sides of the boat. This causes the boat to move forward in a zigzag pattern until it reaches its desired destination.
Tacking can be used in many different situations, such as when sailing upwind or downwind, when trying to reach a specific point or when trying to avoid obstacles in your path. It can also be used to increase speed and maneuverability while sailing in tight spaces or around other vessels.
Tacking requires practice and skill in order to be successful. It’s important for sailors to understand how their sails interact with different winds and how best to adjust them accordingly. With practice, tacking can become second nature and allow sailors to navigate with ease regardless of their surroundings or conditions.