What type of wood is used for pier pilings?

When it comes to constructing a pier, either for residential or commercial purposes, pier pilings are an essential element. These are vertical supports that are driven into the water and provide stability and strength for the pier. Pier pilings are made of various materials, but wood is one of the most common materials used for constructing pier pilings. In this article, we will explore the types of wood used for pier pilings and why it is a suitable option.

Pressure-Treated Lumber

Pressure-treated lumber is one of the most popular types of wood used for pier pilings. This type of wood is treated with preservatives that do not allow decay, fungus, or insect damage. The preservatives penetrate the wood and protect it from water, the elements, and marine life. Pressure-treated lumber is readily available and affordable, making it a popular choice for many pier builders.

Red Cedar

Red Cedar is a popular choice for pier pilings because of its extreme durability and resistance to decay and insect damage. Red Cedar is also a natural repellent to moisture, which makes it an excellent option for pilings that are frequently submerged in water. Cedar pilings have a beautiful appearance and can last up to 40 years with proper maintenance.


Hemlock is another wood type used for pier pilings. It is a strong and durable wood that is resistant to decay and insect damage. Hemlock is also relatively affordable, making it a popular option for pier construction. Hemlock pilings can last up to 25 years with proper maintenance.


Juniper is a hardwood that is native to North America and has a natural resistance to decay and insect damage. The wood is dense, strong, and durable, making it an excellent choice for pier pilings. Juniper pilings can last for over 30 years with proper maintenance, making it a reliable and long-lasting option for pier construction.

There are several wood types used for pier pilings, including pressure-treated lumber, red cedar, hemlock, and juniper. Each wood type has its unique characteristics, and the choice of wood for pilings depends on the builder’s preference and budget. The right type of wood for pier pilings is determined by factors such as durability, resistance to decay and insect damage, affordability, and aesthetic appeal. Regardless of the type of wood used, proper maintenance is key to ensuring that the pier pilings last for a long time.

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