India is a coastal nation and fishing is one of the major occupations of the people residing in the coastal areas. The distance traveled by Indian fishermen for fishing depends largely on the availability of fish in the waters.
In general, Indian fishermen travel around 10-15 nautical miles from the shore for fishing. However, this distance can vary depending on various factors such as weather conditions, type of fish, and fishing equipment.
During the monsoon season, when the sea is rough, fishermen usually do not venture out to sea, and in such conditions, they stick to fishing in the shallow waters near the shore. Similarly, the distance traveled also depends on the type of fish which they intend to catch. For example, some species of fish are found deeper in the sea, and for catching such fish, fishermen have to travel farther away from the shore.
Furthermore, the type of fishing equipment also plays a crucial role in determining the distance traveled by Indian fishermen. Some fishing methods, such as trawling, require fishermen to travel a significant distance away from the shore to locate schools of fish.
In recent times, there has been a concern about overfishing, and the government has put restrictions on the distance traveled by fishermen. The government has also introduced measures such as the use of specific fishing nets to prevent the catch of juvenile fish and the introduction of fishing quotas.
The typical distance traveled by Indian fishermen for fishing is around 10-15 nautical miles, but this can vary depending on several factors. Fishing is an essential source of livelihood for the people residing in coastal areas of India, and it is necessary to balance the interests of fishermen and the conservation of the marine ecosystem.